## How the PA votes came in

I kept a running tally in a spreadsheet and posted updates to my facebook timeline. For posterity’s sake, I’m going to gather those posts here. The main complicating factor in my calculations was the number of votes remaining to be counted. Difficult to report what proportion a candidate needs when the denominator is unknown. You’ll see some comments on that in the entries below.

November 4, 2020

The latest addition was over 9k votes, with 79% going to Biden. If there are 1.057 million left to tally (extrapolating from the 85% estimated votes counted), and Biden got 79% of those, he’d win PA by 300,000 votes. If Biden got 65% of the remaining votes (and Trump got all the rest), Biden’d win PA by 2,700 votes.

NOTA BENE: A complicating factor is that I don’t know exactly how many votes are left to be tallied, and since the sources don’t report decimals, the remaining votes are bouncing around. We need to smooth, so I’ll just keep adding observations (if that means nothing to you, don’t worry about it).

Biden needs 66% of remaining

needs 66% of remaining

needs 65% of remaining

needs 65% of remaining

needs 65% of remaining; T’s lead is 4.24 points

needs 63% of remaining,T lead is down to 3.13, approximately 3/4 mil left to count

T’s lead down to 2.7, Inquirer/AP also adjusted the estimates of votes left to be counted (more left than previously thought). According to new estimates, Biden needs 60% of remaining 944k votes. Even if that’s incorrect, and we have a lower total of say, 7mil votes in PA, Biden would win with 63% of remaining. But the average of the estimates of the total “expected” votes I’ve tallied this evening is 7.052 mil. And, of the total votes reported this evening, Biden took 71.6%.

NB 35,000 votes in Allegheny County (Pittsburgh) cannot legally be counted until Friday.

November 5, 2020

[13% of expected votes still to be counted]

Updating from my pickup’s tailgate
needs 58% of remaining, T’s lead 2.13

Another tailgate update
needs 57% of remaining, T’s lead 1.79

needs 57% of remaining, T’s lead 1.73

4:42pm 32,217 added, 71.5% Bidenneeds 56% of remaining votes, T’s lead 1.51NB: Since I started this tally yesterday, the lowest proportion of added votes to Biden was 67.10% (highest prop was 83.6%)

According to Inquirer/AP, still have 12% of votes left to count

NYT reporting similar numbers but saying 93% counted, while Inquirer says 89%. “Worse” case is NYT, for which Biden would need at least 59% of the remaining 7% of votes. If it’s 89% votes in, Biden needs 55% of remaining 11% of votes. (Annoyingly, NYT isn’t reporting Jorgensen votes, so their available info is incomplete.)

Wish I had a better sense of how many left to count, but apparent range of estimates suggests Biden safe with 57% of rest.

November 6, 2020

Biggest unknown is how many votes left to count. Estimates vary widely. According to PA Secretary of State’s (very clunky) site, there are 163,501 mail-in ballots yet to be counted and 17 precincts from Philly yet to report Election Day counts. (Super duper wtf on the Philly precincts.)

Anyway, if Biden gets 56% of remaining votes (however many there are) he wins PA.

9:32 am 31,342 added, 87.4% Biden

With that, PA has flipped to Biden.

Biden’s lead is 5,596, or 0.08 points
And others reported additional returns the Inquirer hasn’t yet included, putting Biden ahead over 25k votes, with no remaining path for T.

Somewhere around 120,000 or more votes yet to be counted. Nate Silver is reporting that Lehigh County’s 7,000 added were 68% Biden. Thank you, Allentown, Bethlehem, and Easton! Lehigh County has a small but not insignificant minority population, including LatinX, and those are not generally Cuban (or Mexican), more frequently Puerto Rican or Central American. We know the Latinx population is much more politically diverse than Black Americans.

Subsequent returns only widened the margin until the race was called midday November 7.

## Race and Ecological Justice are Connected

They are connected in many many ways, but one of the most insidious is location. For instance, low income housing (often with higher proportions of minority residents) is often near polluted sites, large factories, and dumping.

But today I was nonetheless appalled to learn where Southern University is situated. I mean, Southern! The home of the Human Jukebox! It’s one of the flagship HBCUs, and is highlighted every year during the Grambling vs Southern football game with those amazing marching band shows.

“next to the Devil’s Swamp Superfund site and surrounded by petro-chemical plants and toxic waste sites. A slew of leaks, discharges and accidents have impacted Southern, including toxic leaking railroad tank cars, ruptured pipelines, chemical spills from tank trucks, and leaking barges on the river, making it the most adversely impacted institution of higher learning in the country.” (Source)

The Devil’s Swamp Superfund site is indeed a few miles away from campus. The site was proposed for Superfund status back in 2004, and it’s still “under investigation.” They finally held a meeting with the public about the cleanup strategy in October 2019.

And Petro Processors of Louisiana is located just next to Devil’s Swamp. According to the EPA, “PPI operated these sites as depositories for various petrochemical wastes during the 1960s and the 1970s. These operations contaminated surface soil, surface water, groundwater, air and airborne particulate matter with hazardous chemicals. The site is located over the ‘400-foot sands,’ a major drinking water aquifer.”

And yes, there’s more info out there, for anyone who isn’t sufficiently bothered by the above.

## A Tale of Two Groceries

My spouse and I have a deal. I grow food and he cooks it. Clearly, I got the waaaaaay better end of this stick. (I started playing Skyrim, and when he asked me why I cooked dishes to restore my character’s health, I replied, “I only cook in fake worlds.”)

As you might expect, his grocery shopping skills also vastly exceed my own. Despite my lists and my methodical row-by-row progression through the store, I invariably miss at least 4 or 5 items and need to backtrack. This remained true even when we had the “Two Body Problem” (academics living in different homes–in our case different states–because that’s where the jobs are) and I had to do the shopping and “cooking” for myself. I ate a lot of tater tots and toasted cheese sandwiches. I’d say I “cooked dinner” and he’d remind me that turning on an oven isn’t really cooking. Touché.

But thanks to his impeccable planning, there’ve been very few trips for groceries since ATSWD (all the sh*t went down). But his 2 most recent trips reveal a startling contrast in pandemic responsiveness.

The line out the door is individuals standing at least 6 feet behind each other. The number of customers allowed in is closely monitored. The caches of used and sanitized carts are clearly demarcated. At the check-out, customers stand at least 6 feet away from the cashier ringing up the order. Yes, order, that’s the name of the game. And they actually have food. Including produce.

Case 2. ShopRite (operated by Brown’s)

The parking lot is packed and rather chaotic. There are a couple security guards inside the store, standing and watching. No employees monitor customer flows or encourage social distancing. There is no social distancing. Most employees are wearing gloves, but not masks. Many shelves are bare. There is very little produce. Shoppers huddle in dozens of lines waiting for their turn with the cashiers. It appears to be “business as usual” at ShopRite.

We’ve decided we won’t return to ShopRite until after this has all passed. Of course there are some items we cannot easily purchase elsewhere, but their stock is so low anyway. And it seems a pretty risky place to be.

It’s impossible to ignore the demographics. ShopRite is in a predominately-black area serving Philly residents who live in what has been deemed a food desert. Trader Joe’s is a short walk from chi-chi Rittenhouse Square.

## How unemployment works

The word “unemployed” has many definitions, but I’ll focus on three of them. One: the layperson believes someone is unemployed if they are not working. Two: the data analyst or survey taker considers a person unemployed if they are not working but have been actively seeking work for some specified amount of time. And three: the unemployment insurance system provides short-term financial assistance for eligible unemployed persons.

Unemployment benefits are not the same as “welfare.” A person’s current financial condition and family situation does not sufficiently determine eligibility. Instead, unemployment is an insurance system, and some people pay in so some (other) people can get payouts.

The system is a joint state-federal program administered by the states. The state (generally) determines eligibility, benefit amounts, and the tax rate (like an insurance premium) that must be paid into the system. Some states are more generous than others.

Now, who pays the insurance premia? Employers. As a business owner with employees, I pay a percentage of payroll into the unemployment insurance system. By paying into the system, I’m doing my part to make sure that if my employees get laid off (lose their jobs through no fault of their own) they will have some assistance while they look for other work or while they wait for recall to my company.

Some companies hire employees, some hire independent contractors (ICs). I’m not going to get into all of the differences now, but employers who hire only ICs have not done their workers any favors for this current pandemic. See, no one pays unemployment insurance for ICs. An IC who applies for benefits wants something for nothing. If you work for someone who pays you with checks and you get a 1099 for taxes, they haven’t paid into unemployment on your behalf.

If you work for yourself, and just cash checks as they come to you, without paying UI taxes, you have not paid into the system. When applying for benefits, you are asking something for nothing.

Of course, COVID-19 has flung us into a truly unusual situation. Many self-employed people are unable to earn money from work through no fault of their own. And this is where the CARES Act comes in. We needed a special appropriation in order to pay benefits yo people who have not paid into the system.

FWIW, I am an employee of my corporation and pay payroll taxes and UI taxes on my wages, just as I do for all of my employees. Frankly, it’s the right thing to do, and there are a lot of business owners out there who choose to pay themselves and others as ICs when they could be employees. And why do it that way? To avoid paying payroll taxes, workers comp insurance, and UI taxes. To avoid contributing to the safety net that so many Americans need right now.

For example, if I pay an employee \$15 per hour, I pay an additional \$1.15 for Social Security and Medicare, \$1.97 for liability and worker’s compensation insurance, and \$0.38 into the unemployment system. I also pay for a payroll service and I offer benefits like paid sick leave and professional development funds. So every \$15 hourly wage costs me about \$20. Lots of employers choose not to pay that. For shame.

Do you have questions about unemployment? Feel free to ask me, I’ll do my best to answer.

## Feeling, safe

I have been trying to pen a message for so many days, I’ve lost count. What day is it today, anyway? Tuesday? Friday?

I need to provide my clients a professional update about the business and talk about details, when all I can think about are feelings and data and justice.

Yes, technically, EFTE operates in industries that are allowed to continue working right now. Even though industry groups and political leaders have instructed us to do site work only for emergency issues, “emergency” is self-defined, and often stretched.

The truth is, we’d rather be working in your gardens, woodlands, trees, and yards right now. A few weeks ago I was in the process of hiring three new employees. Instead, I shuttered site operations and instructed my manager to apply for unemployment compensation. One of the main reasons I created this business was because I wanted to provide good jobs, so this closure leaves me gutted.

While it may seem that our work is “safe,” crew members nonetheless are at risk whenever visiting a client’s property, when gathering tools from our storage, when purchasing equipment and materials, when filling their gas tanks. And frankly, EFTE does not own enough tools to have one of every lopper, pole pruner, hard rake, chain saw, mattock, wheelbarrow, and heavy spade for every crew member, so we have to share. Sharing is really risky right now.  I cannot bear the thought of one of my employees contracting the virus during work. And as we’ve seen with healthcare workers, even taking precautions is no guarantee.

If we followed the ISA/TCIA guidelines to the letter, we would only do emergency jobs, but that is not enough work to keep our crew going. And I have yet to discover how many hours I could pay an employee that would enable her to keep receiving unemployment checks. Is three hours writing a newsletter too many? But I shouldn’t get ahead of myself. Even if I want to do that, I don’t have the money to pay for it. Instead, I have the early season expenses like renewing insurance and web hosting and did I mention our truck needs new tires?

So I sit at my desk for a few hours, trying to be productive, applying for assistance, realizing that I don’t qualify for most of it. And no, I won’t put my house up for collateral on a business loan right now. Nobody should have to do that.

I open my email, make myself read a message or two, then realize how overwhelmed and distraught I feel, so I get up from my desk and wander to the basement, cobbling projects together from bits of scrap wood and old paint. I pass the time saying hello to my tomato and pepper seedlings. What else am I supposed to do right now? No, don’t tell me, I know the answers, I know the list. I have it in a couple evernote notes and on a cork board on the wall and in a post-it note array on an oversized clipboard on the floor, and on a daily schedule on my desk. I write in lunch over two 15-minute slots, just to give myself permission to do only that for a half hour. But that’s done and now is the next slot. I should fill it in with something.